Adriana Dunavska (BUL)
Even though Adriana Dunavska never won a world championship all-around title, she is still one of Bulgaria's all-time finest gymnasts. And to this day, she is her country's only Olympic medalist in rhythmic gymnastics.
A Sofia native, Dunavska was born on April 4, 1972. She was a star pupil at club CSKA in her hometown, where she was coached by Borislava Kuichkova until she was selected for the national team.
This passionate performer first set the rhythmic world on fire with her 4th-place debut at the 1986 European Championships. In the event finals, the 14-year-old Dunavska became the latest in Bulgaria's long line of "Golden Girls" when she tied for the ball title with Soviet powerhouses Tatiana Drutchinina and Galina Beloglazova.
In 1987, the World Championships were held in Varna. Not surprisingly, Dunavska and teammates Bianka Panova and Elisabeth Koleva were crowd favorites, gaining uproarious applause for each routine. Difficulty-packed exercises and precise apparatus work propelled the young Dunavska to a second-place tie with Koleva, right behind rhythmic queen Panova. Dunavska also won a gold with rope and finished just out of the medals with hoop.
1988 was a test for Dunavska, who was headed toward the Olympics as the underdog to Panova's favorite. But with Panova in the midst of personal turmoil with Bulgarian National Team coach Neshka Robeva, Dunavska stepped into the role of leader. She triumphed in the all-around at both the 1988 Intervision Cup and the 1988 Bulgarian National Championships, and came in second at the prestigious DTB Cup.
At the European Championships, Dunavska finally won her first major international title; she was crowned champion in the all-around, as well as with ribbon, clubs, and hoop. Although she shared all of her European titles with other gymnasts, the petite brunette had proven herself a force on the international scene.
Seoul, Korea, was the setting for the showdown between the Soviets and Bulgarians, the dominant players on the rhythmic scene since the 1960s. While Panova dropped a club in the preliminary competition, Dunavska displayed nerves of steel in a near-perfect performance. But even with her four 10s in finals, Dunavska could not overcome the inspired Soviet Marina Lobatch, and placed second by only .050.
Dunavska also came in second at the 1989 European Championships, where new Soviet star Alexandra Timochenko came to the forefront. But Dunavska earned another handful of medals; gold with rope, silver with ribbon, and bronze with hoop. The 1989 World Championships would be Adriana Dunavska's final competition, and she went out in style. After grabbing the bronze in the all-around she capped off her career by performing in all four event finals, where she won silvers with ball and ribbon.
Known as a temperamental gymnast, Dunavska's spunkiness served her well on the floor. Each one of her exercises is a model of envelope-pushing difficulty, and her speed and passion are rarely seen in the sport. Dunavska, never a truly elegant gymnast, excelled at presenting unusual, modern choreography set to powerful music. Her 1987 rope to "Sabre Dance" -- a fast, intricate, toss-filled routine -- was so well appreciated by the audience in Varna that they threw roses onto the carpet after her performance in event finals. At the 1988 Olympics, her immaculately performed hoop exercise, which was matched to a heart-pounding drum rhythm and featured rapid-fire apparatus handling and lots of unexpected directional changes, was one of the highlights of the competition. And her 1989 ball, choreographed to the dissonant strains of Toedosii Spasov's modern music, gave Dunavska the opportunity to showcase her smooth-as-silk apparatus rolls and ever-stylish presentation.
Adriana Dunavska, who now coaches at club CSKA in Sofia, was ahead of her time; few gymnasts performed such daring routines, in terms of both difficulty and theme. She will be remembered for bringing fire to the genteel sport rhythmic gymnastics, and for always keeping audiences and judges guessing about what she would do next.